How to Detect Fake News in Real-Time. buff.ly/2VtSrDB How it happens, why and how to stop it.
The challenge to stopping #FakeNews isn't technical. It's operational willingness by the tech company leadership. Stopping fake news is down partly to cost, partly belief in the importance of free expression and partly fear of getting it wrong i.e. censoring articles. However it looks like the tide is changing and the tech companies are recognising the moral imperatives for blocking fake #information and are looking at solutions. #Facebook #Google ... See MoreSee Less
For some #OSINT investigations it's better to stay hidden. Here is how - and knowing how can help spot fake profiles too.
There are lots of fake profiles on the web - created for various reasons. Unlike the fake profiles created for investigations, most fakes are not innocent and being able to spot them can be important. This guide gives tips on creating a "sock puppet" - a term used to describe an investigator's false identity. Knowing how to create a good one should also help spot others too. ... See MoreSee Less
We are just starting 2019 and I wonder if it would be possible to create an index of stupidity? Who will be the most stupid people or what will be the most stupid actions taken in 2019. One only needs to look at 2018 for a long list of actions. (Not wishing to be political - but it's hard to avoid - initiating a trade war without thinking about longer term ramifications would be one of them, and the current fall in the stock market is an indicator that suggests that this may be the case. Saying Daesh / ISIS is defeated would be another - when terrorism still occurs globally....)
Stupidity is overlooking or dismissing conspicuously crucial information.
Crucial information is information that you need to pay attention to - that is conspicuous i.e. right in front of you. Yet you overlook it or dismiss it. That is stupid!
What causes this? A magician deliberately misdirects attention - the goal is to make you fail to see something you should have i.e. to make you stupid. Magicians are fun, but fraudsters are not and they do the same thing. Seven factors can lead to such failures: 1) Peer pressure. You don't want to stand out as different. 2) You are outside your comfort-zone so unfamiliar with your surroundings or the environment (or it's changed) so may focus on the wrong thing. 3) Somebody who is or claims to be an expert says something - which may actually be wrong. However as they are the expert you doubt your own wisdom and go with the expert. (You may also be the expert - and reluctant to change a long-held opinion despite new evidence i.e. a reluctance to change) 4) You are in a hurry - so ignore the new information as it will get in the way of what you are rushing for. (You think you are late for a meeting... your phone beeps with a text message saying the meeting is cancelled. Yet as you are in a rush, you ignore reading the message and hurry to the meeting. When you get there to find nobody else is, you check your messages and then you feel really stupid! Especially if the journey was time-consuming). 5) You are really busy so cannot give this crucial information the respect or time it deserves - and so you dismiss it, even when it should be the priority. Perhaps, you need to focus on something else - so only give this crucial information a tangential look and dismiss it. 6) You have too much information so cannot prioritise properly and so miss the crucial information. 7) You are physically or emotionally tired and so make sleep your priority even when it shouldn't be. (Essentially you give up. A predator is about to pounce and although you should run, tiredness prevents it and so you sacrifice yourself, perhaps hoping the predator is also tired. It's why predators chase their prey - they aim to exhaust the prey so they can get dinner).
(Side note: the idea for this - and some of the content came from the Farnam Street Blog which contains excellent posts on how to think - of relevance to anybody working in business, marketing or competitive intelligence). ... See MoreSee Less
Studies generally suggest that, year after year, less than 60 percent of web traffic is human. It's not only search engine bots. There's also real fake material out there: people, metrics, news, businesses, politics, content… according to some researchers, a healthy majority of it is bot. For some of 2013, half of YouTube traffic was bots masquerading as people. buff.ly/2Q0oebu #FakeNews #intelligence ... See MoreSee Less
5 Lessons for Reporting in an Age of Disinformation.
How does #fakenews and #disinformation spread - and what can be done stop it or slow it down. Five tips for all involved in gathering and reporting information... buff.ly/2V9Ocx3 #CompetitiveIntelligence #Strategy #News ... See MoreSee Less
Over six months in late 2017 and early 2018, Facebook detected and suspended some 1.3 billion fake accounts. But an estimated 3 to 4 percent of accounts that remain, or approximately 66 million to 88 million profiles, are also fake but haven’t yet been detected. Likewise, estimates are that 9 to 15 percent of Twitter’s 336 million accounts are fake.
Phony profiles for nonexistent people worm their way into the social networks of real people, where they can spread their falsehoods. But neither social media companies nor technological innovations offer reliable ways to identify and remove social media profiles that don’t represent actual authentic people.
Fake profiles aren’t just on Facebook and Twitter, and they’re targeting people in globally. For example, • In December 2017, German intelligence officials warned that Chinese agents using fake LinkedIn profiles were targeting more than 10,000 German government employees. • In mid-August, the Israeli military reported that Hamas was using fake profiles on Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp to entrap Israeli soldiers into downloading malicious software.
Although social media companies have begun hiring more people and using artificial intelligence to detect fake profiles, that won’t be enough to review every profile in time to stop their misuse.
The problem isn’t actually that people – and algorithms – create fake profiles online. What’s really wrong is that other people fall for them.
Research into why so many users have trouble spotting fake profiles has identified some ways people could get better at identifying phony accounts – and highlights some places technology companies could help. ... See MoreSee Less
Open source intelligence (OSINT) uses publicly available sources to gather intelligence for purposes ranging from basic recruitment checks on an individual to due diligence research for M&A purposes t...
Spies Without Borders - A fascinating account of how the FSB appears to Infiltrate the International Visa System to obtain visas for their spies - bellingcat buff.ly/2PwxhFG A case study on corporate #espionage. #OSINT #Humint.
Lots of breaches of Competitive Intelligence ethics - but then that's one reason why this is espionage and not #CI. The aim was obtaining visas for "dirty deeds" such as the Skripal poisoning. ... See MoreSee Less
One of the unanswered questions lingering after Bellingcat’s unmasking of the identities of suspects in the botched-up poisoning of Sergey and Yulia Skripal, is how two (or, likely, more) undercover...
Research & Critical Thinking in a Post-Fact World. A lecture by Dr Dan Russel of Google on what is truth, what is reality and how do we know what is credible or not.
Some fabulous examples - including fake information from the Library of Congress, and how we aren't teaching critical thinking properly (plus tips on search and more).
Essential viewing - even though it's a 24 minute video. He gives some frightening examples where people accept and assume knowledge that can't be true. If we can't evaluate information properly, how can we tell what is real and what is fake. (One of my favourite examples is of how a US City Council saw the website DHMO.org and believed it so banned DHMO being supplied!)
Unfortunately not all slides clear - but it doesn't matter. It's what Dan Russell says - not his visuals.Research & Critical Thinking in a Post-Fact World Dr. Dan Russell, Uber Tech Lead, Search Quality & User Happiness, Google ... See MoreSee Less
The Untold Story of NotPetya, the Most Devastating Cyberattack in History buff.ly/2o1WsQ5
NonPetya was a computer virus, targeting the Ukraine, which spread globally & caused $millions damage. Unlike other computer viruses, the aim was not ransomware but destruction. Without backups everything was lost. The article gives a case study of a major shipping company that thought it had backups but missed out on a key system they thought was safe. They recovered - through luck - as one node only had not been infected.
The lesson is that anybody can be attacked - intentionally or accidentally - and lack of preparation can be be catastrophic. #cybersecurity ... See MoreSee Less
Going extinct: why corporate giants die - and how to stay alive. buff.ly/2SFgsq2 In the mid-1920s the average lifespan of a top corporation was 90 years. In the 1950s it was 60 years. Today it is 17 years - as corporations die young.
There are 4 stages in the lifespan of a corporation - from start-up to eventual death. Preventing death comes from cultivating mavericks who mirror the company founders. Corporate cultures are insular. Mavericks are unpredictable and zany. They don’t play it safe: They are the backbone of innovation - not the "Chief Innovation Officer" responsible for coming up with tired-done-it-before-plans..
Focusing on What 90% of Businesses Do Now Is a Big Mistake. Just because most competitors do things in a certain way is not a good reason for you to.
Not so many years ago, 90% of lighting came from candles. Not so many years ago, 90% of land transportation involved horses. Only 15-20 years ago, almost all photographs had to be "developed" from camera film and the idea you could take photographs on your phone was not even imagined by over 90% of people.
Whether you agree or disagree some of these are truly memorable (or infamous - HamsterDance) and worth inclusion. (I remember spending TOO much time on RuneScape for example, so good to see that this one was included). It's a real trip down memory lane 🙂
What's interesting is how some of these are still going strong e.g. IMDB is now 25 years old, and Snopes is only a year younger.
I think a few sites were missed. (The selection deliberately missed out Instagram and Paypal viewing these as apps that build on earlier innovations). For example, although AltaVista is included, what about other early search engines such as Infoseek, Lycos and Webcrawler that preceded it? (I was there - I remember!)
1) DuckDuckGo doesn’t track its users. Google does. 2) DuckDuckGo blocks Google trackers lurking everywhere. 3) DuckDuckGo provides unbiased search results. 4) Users can search without fear of being watched. 5) Google is too big, too powerful and getting bigger and more powerful. Encourage competition to limit that power.
Even if "Location History" is off on your phone, Google often still stores your precise location. There's no panacea, because connecting to the internet on any device flags an IP address that can be geographically mapped. Smartphones also connect to cell towers, so your carrier knows your general location at all times.
Things you can do to limit location tracing: Go to myactivity.google.com Go to "Activity Controls." Turn off both "Web & App Activity" and "Location History" This turns off precise markers being stored. On Android phones go to the settings for "Security & location." Scroll down to the "Privacy" heading. Tap "Location." You can toggle it off for the entire device. On iOS devices go to Settings - Privacy - Location Services and switch this off.
Also use browsers such as DuckDuckGo that don't track you. However ultimately the best way to stop being tracked is to go off-grid and stop using computers, tablets, phones..... so the choice is yours. ... See MoreSee Less
Economist Intelligence Unit now offers a Competitor Intelligence service covering 1500 companies globally. This move from EIU transitions it from its industry focus to producing reports on individual companies. As such, it should prove useful for monitoring top companies. The threat is to in-company CI units focusing on multi-national competitors rather than smaller start-ups, disruptors & companies NOT in the top 1500 corporates. The skills in uncovering intelligence on such companies needs more sophisticated approaches than is likely to be offered by the EIU but are offered by professional CI firms such as AWARE. (buff.ly/2J3px7J) ... See MoreSee Less
Wiby is a search engine that delivers odd results - aiming to recreate the days before Google. Wiby does not claim or want to be a Google killer and even states that Google is indispensible for finding answers to pretty much anything. Wiby tries to give the odd pages that Google misses - as they don't answer complex questions. Instead they bring back the surprise that used to exist - giving websites where you'll go "Wow - I didn't know that". For #OSINT research it may even turn up a gem that you'd never normally find. Who know? ... See MoreSee Less
Findera.com is a new search engine for finding people - aimed at supporting recruiters. It offers more powerful selection criteria than standard LinkedIn (e.g. length of time in a role, type of role, location, etc.) - and allows users to view emails, save and export data.
One caveat - all features are currently not available to the UK (or Europe) - so to log in to get the full power you need to be based in the US or use a VPN. To subscribe you need to give profile data which can then be used to update or grow Findera's people data.
Despite the caveat, another useful tool for finding people (and add it to sites like Cubib.com and it makes profiling US based potential contacts both easier and faster) buff.ly/2y15SQJ #websearch #OSINT ... See MoreSee Less
6 reasons why failing strategies continue to be supported by business (& political) leaders.
Reasons include - the "sunk cost fallacy"; - loss aversion; - optimism that things will improve; - not wishing to turn back; - pluralistic ignorance. - perceived threats to status if seen as uncertain
The risks can be avoided by - putting in place systems to ensure objectivity e.g. encouraging dissenters to speak out - and voting on strategies; - including alternative strategies - ensuring that strategy formation and implementation aren't carried out by the same people.
(Includes a case study on why Marks & Spencer went wrong after decades of success)/
Web scraping: How to harvest data for untold stories - ICIJ buff.ly/2DtfXLZ
Web scraping can help extract information that's otherwise not easily downloadable, using a piece of code or a program. Includes tips e.g. how to automate the process by downloading Outwit Hub from outwit.com and also an excellent presentation on techniques by Samantha Sunne on how to scrape data without programming at buff.ly/2QYmkcX. #OSINT #Search ... See MoreSee Less